Shiva is known as Bhairav and income occasions manifests as Batuka – Bhairav. Folk art painting, on walls, of Batuka-Bhairav is seen in Pipili-Puri belt. BATU is also known as THAI or THEI or STHAI.


After innovation in Mangalacharan the next is to pay respect to one who protects the family constantly in the form of Batuka. The Gurus logically names the second item as Batu which is pure dance Nritta. This is rhythm based, Talasraya, and exhibits difficult body movements, in a graceful manner. This has two components of Histronics, Angika and Aharya. The monosyllabic Vanis are the only recitation and the foot work follows the utterances (vani) on the rhythm provided by Mardala. Being a pure dance there is no Abhinay component in this item.